To evaluate if the mathematics anxiety-performance hook could well be moderated by the a variety of details (e

g., geographic part, aspect regarding MA, dimension off mathematics show, intercourse, values level, and you can guide season), we conducted brand new heterogeneity try. The Q take to (heterogeneity shot) are finding the distinctions certainly impact sizes, hence to explore and this potential moderator (we.age., studies has actually) may have starred a role within these distinctions try called for.

Geographical Part

Geographic countries have been thought a possible modest grounds. The result types was indeed categorized to your four wider teams: Us, Europe, Asia and other counties. This new statistical heterogeneity among the effect systems are shown (Q = , p = 0.01). Especially, the research which have Asian samples met with the premier effect dimensions (r =, while the degree that have Eu trials exhibited the littlest effect dimensions (r = ?0.21). At the same time, the research around products had more substantial feeling proportions (r = ?0.30) than the associated classification into the European countries, while they got a smaller sized impact proportions compared to corresponding category in the Asia.


The reasonable analyses with the intercourse was basically presented courtesy a few tips. First, the class on this varying is actually consistent with Ma’s (1999) studies, and now we opposed if the math anxiety-show link was rather some other certainly around three categories (male, women, and you may blended); the outcomes recommended there have been zero differences one of many around three categories (Q = cuatro.62, p = 0.099). 2nd, this study had a tendency to stretch subsequent to check on when you should prohibit this new mix up impact regarding blended group and you can perhaps the mediocre correlations anywhere between men and women were somewhat other. Just 7 degree you to definitely given brand new correlation anywhere between MA and you may mathematics performance or necessary data would be relocated to perception brands to possess other sexes was basically incorporated. The outcome recommended zero significant difference anywhere between female (roentgen = ?0.30) and you will men (r = ?0.18) (Q = dos.73, p = 0.098).

Degree Peak

Five values-height organizations was basically formed inside meta-research, as well as a simple category, junior higher category, elderly higher group, merge category, and you may college or university group. The outcomes ideal it adjustable got significant consequences on the mathematics anxiety-show link (Q = , p = 0.02). A lot more especially, the latest senior high category had the largest math nervousness-show hook up (roentgen = ?0.44), with the brand new junior highest classification (roentgen = ?0.39), university (roentgen = ?0.33), primary (roentgen = ?0.27), and you may combined category, which in fact had the tiniest mathematics nervousness-overall performance hook (r = ?0.21).

Publication Age

The modern meta-study consisted of the time frame out of 19 age (2000–2018). To test whether go out got an effect on the fresh new math anxiety-efficiency hook up, good Pearson relationship is conducted between your book age and the of all of the individual knowledge (roentgen = 0.twenty-seven, p > 0.05). No relationship was located between impact sizes and guide age (Shape 4).

Dimensions out of MA

We as well as looked whether the balances regularly decide to try math anxiety had an impact on new math anxiety-show link. The outcomes suggested your dimensions out of MA had no impression with the mathematics stress-results connect (Q = six.54, p = 0.48). Especially, personal training which used most other balances (e.g., the fresh Math Stress Level for Elementary School Youngsters [MASESS; Bindak, 2005] met with the biggest math anxiety-overall performance link (roentgen = ?0.41), with studies which used the latest MAS (roentgen = ?0.40), MARS (roentgen = ?0.35), MAQ (roentgen = ?0.28), MASYC (r = ?0.26), CMAQ (r = ?0.24), SEMA (roentgen = ?0.24), and you will AMAS (roentgen = ?0.24), and you will private studies that used the fresh MASC met with the minuscule math anxiety-efficiency connect (roentgen = ?0.15).

Measurement from Mathematics Abilities

The classification criteria used to code the “math performance” variable are different. In terms of the testing aspects of the math performance test, two skills were highlighted: calculation and problem solving. In this study, the measurement aspects of the test had significant effects on the math anxiety-performance link (Q = , p < 0.01). Studies that evaluated mixed math performance (calculation and problem solving) reported the largest effects (r = ?0.37). In addition, it is worth noting that studies in which the test assessed problem-solving skills in math performance reported larger effects (r = ?0.33), while studies that assessed the calculation ability in math performance reported smaller effects (r = ?0.21). In terms of the form of the math performance test, three types of math performance tests were identified: custom test, standardized test and others. There was a significant difference among these conditions (Q = , p = 0.001). The results suggested that studies that adopted a standardized test custom test reported larger effects (r = ?0.33) than studies that adopted a standardized test (r = ?0.28). Moreover, the studies that adopted other math tests reported the largest effects (r = ?0.51).